I‘m going to make an assumption here. You want to make extra money without sacrificing all of your free time. Welcome to the club.
A big part of why I started this website was to help others make extra money through various means.
Some of the links in this post may be from our sponsors. Please read our Affiliate disclaimer
Millions of American adults 1and I’m sure this applies to other countries as well say they need more cash to meet their needs and live life without worries.
It’s safe to say that if you don’t take action now then you’ll never reach that goal to make extra money. Here’s the thing. There are literally hundreds of ways to make a few hundred bucks every week. Research, planning, and execution will take you to the moon.
This post will share some of the best (and fastest) ways to make that dream a reality.
This is the route many people go when they first start trying to make extra money online.
Companies need insights from their customers and if you fit their demographic profile then they’ll pay for your honest opinion.
The good thing is that there’s no registration fee or “minimum requirements” for almost all of them. Sign up for multiple platforms to earn a decent income by filling out simple questionnaires.
Survey Junkie (review)
Harris Poll Online
Register for multiple platforms to increase your earning potential.
I’ve seen some strange things for sale on Craigslist.
The same goes for Ebay.
These are general marketplaces where you can sell anything from phones to furniture. If you can write a good story driven product description you’ll be able to fetch an even better price for your items. We’ve evolved to love a good story.
That’s why, every now and then, an advertisement actually means something to us. They tell a story and we responded.
Starting a blog can be a lucrative way to make extra money. It can also be the biggest resource suck you’ve ever encountered.
Here’s the truth.
Blogging is a business like any other. If you treat it like a hobby then you’ll end up getting subpar results. If you take it seriously then you’ll get real income.
There are only a few things you need to do:
I’ll be the first to admit that I’m a bit of a bibliophile. Books were my first love and they still have a special place in my heart.
My wife doesn’t care. She sells her old books without remorse. There are many places to sell your old books and textbooks for a good chunk of change.
The first place that comes to mind is Amazon, but there are many other niche places as well. Here’s a quick list that’s by no means exhaustive.
What are you doing with your original iPhone 2g that’s sitting in a drawer? The kids won’t even accept it anymore.
Phones are made with valuable parts that can be reused in different products. At other times, people are nostalgic about the old times and will pay a premium for specific vintage phones. Where there’s demand, there’s a way to make extra money.
A few websites online will connect you and potential buyers while other ones will buy the phones directly. Here are a few of them.
The on demand economy is booming. There are on demand services for almost everything. Uber was one of the pioneers. Now, there are many players in almost every city in the world.
On demand driving is a solid way to make a decent income in your spare time. The major players are Uber, Taxify, and Lyft but you may be able to find some specific to your city. They tend to pay more but have less inventory.
To maximize earnings, sign up for multiple apps and work a few hours every day. At the end of the week you should have a few hundred extra dollars.
This is another aspect of the gig economy. Instead of delivering people, you’re delivering items like food and groceries to busy individuals.
With apps like Postmates, you can run errands for other people and make a decent wage. Just like on demand driving, you’ll get the most bang for your time when you sign up for multiple services and use them together.
When I was little, my mom would drag us to go thrift shopping on the weekends. I hated it but she loved it. It’s only now that I understand how many good things you can find in those places.
They’re also an opportunity to sell your gently used items at a great price. Now, there are platforms online dedicated to connecting you with buyers for your old clothes.
You can also go into a consignment shop near you. There are stores in every major city.
This was actually my main source of income a few years back. You’d be surprised at how much money people make from promoting on social media. It’s also an important aspect for their brand reputation. If they don’t manage it, someone else will take control of it.
Anyways, you can manage the social media channel of small businesses and charge at least a thousand dollars a month. It’s actually cheaper than hiring an employee to do it and, since it’s your job, you’ll do it better.
It’s not difficult to learn either. Just search ultimate guide to x (Instagram, Snapchat, Facebook, etc) and you’ll learn everything you need to know.
It seems like every website has a blog whether they’re selling concrete or digital courses. There’s a reason for that – it’s called content marketing. It’s been proven to get results for businesses.
The backbone of content marketing is, well, content. The problem is that small business owners may not have the time or skills to create content for their websites on a regular basis. They also don’t have the resources to hire someone full time.
That’s where you come in. You can pitch them your services and make some good money doing it. On average, you should be able to command a $50 to $100 for an average length article (1,500 words or less).
Search on websites like Upwork or simply start your own blog to get clients.
The other side of the coin is the business that’s been able to find the time to write content themselves but needs someone to help edit it.
This is where your high school English classes come in handy. All you need to do is make sure their writing is clear and doesn’t have any glaring grammar mistakes. If you notice anything, point it out and give them a few suggestions about how to correct it.
Note that they don’t have to take your suggestions.
Everyone loves good design. Even when we don’t know something is well designed, we can feel it. Things just work the way they’re supposed to. Recent studies make the case for design as a profit center for business.
You know what that means? More people are going to be investing in design to attract and retain customers.
That’s all types of design:
If you have design skills, no matter the level, there’s an opportunity for you. Here are a few places you can get started:
Fiverr is a platform that allows you to get all types of digital work done starting at five dollars. That doesn’t mean you can only earn five dollars per job.
You can add extras or premium gigs to increase your earnings. The great part is you’ll be able to get started in just a few minutes. Post your job cheap, build up a few reviews, and up your prices.
The only issue with it is that it tends to attract buyers who want something dirt cheap. If you can weed out the chaff then you can make decent money.
This isn’t just for high school students who need to get a good grade in the SAT. Though that’s also a great way to make extra cash.
People need tutoring on a wide range of subjects from business to dating. As long as you have a skill that’s in demand, you can capitalize. You will need to prepare yourself so the individuals you coach will feel like they got their money’s worth.
Here are a few questions to ask:
Make lists that answer all these questions. You’ll find a few areas where you can coach other people.
Once you do, sign up for a platform like:
Companies will pay to interview you. It’s because they need to understand what their users want and need on a deeper level. This goes beyond answering a few questions on a survey.
Usually, you’ll have an in person chat or call where they can ask you all types of questions. It’s important to note that these interviews can take up at least an hour so prepare yourself accordingly.
These go a step beyond one on one customer interviews. Focus groups are used by companies to reveal insights they can use to better understand their target market.
They consist of small groups ranging from six to twelve people. The emphasis is on the quality of the participants over the quantity. They can extend into sessions of one to two hours and some even spread over the course of a few weeks.
A unique thing about focus groups is that you’re often talking the top people within an organization and can impact the development of their products directly. You also get to interact with the different members. It’s a unique and many times rewarding experience (apart from the extra cash you make of course).
Cars are funny things. We spend a lot of money on them but only use them, at most, a few hours every day. Why not put it to good use by renting it out every now and then to make more money?
You can also save on expenses. This is especially true if you work in the center of the city and have to pay for daily parking. Rent out your car during those times and pocket the difference.
Mechanical Turk is a service by Amazon that allows you to perform small repetitive tasks to make extra money on the side. Note that you’re not going to make a fortune. At most, you’ll be able to buy yourself lunch a few times a week.
Don’t worry though, there aren’t any major tasks on the platform. It mostly consists of data entry that can’t be automated just yet.
Online education has quietly become a multibillion dollar industry but no one seems to be talking about it. I find that strange. You can find a course on almost anything you can imagine. Everything from photo editing to playing the piano is taught online.
Do you have any skills you could sell? Maybe you’re good in public speaking or you’re good at wooing the opposite sex. Are you able to write well or code? All these things can be taught through online courses and people are making full time incomes from it.
There are two options. You can host your courses on a marketplace like Udemy or Skillshare. This allows you to reach a wider audience but you have to split your earnings and they can discount your course without warning.
The better option is to host your courses yourself through a platform like Teachable or Thinkific.
Self-publishing has gotten popular over the last few years with many authors cracking over a million dollars in revenue through a handful of titles. I mention that to show you the possibilities, not to get your hopes up.
Most of us won’t get to a million dollars through self-publishing. I’ve published half a dozen books and only make a few hundred dollars a month. That’s perfectly alright with me because I look at it as a way to earn a few dollars, buy gas, and eat out with my wife.
The most popular self-publishing route is through Kindle Direct publishing but you can also publish on Smashwords and Kobo.
This is an almost unknown possibility to many people. They shy away from running a software business because they think they have to develop it from the ground up. Either they don’t know how to code or it’s too expensive to hire a developer that’s worth his salt.
You can actually resell software that other companies have made. There are two routes you can take:
Both routes are viable. It just takes a bit of searching because most software companies don’t advertise the fact that they resell software to everyone. For scripts, you can find a few on themeforest.net
There are consultants for almost every field imaginable. The simple truth of the matter is that businesses need a lot of things to run smoothly. They can’t always hire the right person in-house.
We already spoke about managing social media accounts for small businesses but this is a little different. With consulting, you basically give recommendations about how someone can improve business processes or initiatives. It’s up to them to take action on it.
You build execution plans and then advise them on implementation. This could be anything from system architecture for their software to Facebook marketing campaigns. It doesn’t really matter.
What skills do you already have that you can package into a consulting gig to make some extra money? Start with your day job and work your way through all the skills you think you can get paid for. Choose one and find clients.
Larger companies have thousands of employees and hundreds of retail locations. The top executives have no way of visiting all of the stores. In addition to that, they may be recognized by employees so are unable to get the experience a normal shopper would get.
To get around this problem, they hire mystery shoppers. These are regular people who shop in stores to see if employees are doing what they’re supposed to do.
I remember I was working at Subways when I was in high school. A mystery shopper came in, I attended to him promptly, and asked for the upsell. It was something like would you like to add a medium coke for a penny more?
Because I followed the prescribed script for customers, I was rewarded with $25.
Yes, for whatever reason, there are people in the world who don’t have the time, energy, or discipline to walk their pets regularly. This is a niche that’s being filled by others in their spare time. It won’t make you rich but it’ll definitely give you some extra spending money.
There are two ways to go about it. The first way to go door to door and ask your neighbors if they’d like for you to walk their dog. This has a low chance of success because, well, they’re your neighbors.
The second option is to sign up for one of the apps that connect pet owners with dog walkers. They’ve done the heavy lifting so you can focus on making the most out of your time. A few marketplaces to look into are
I’m sure this isn’t what you were thinking about when you clicked on a post about making extra money. Bear with me. I’m sure we all did a bit of babysitting when we were younger. That might’ve been younger siblings, the kids in the neighborhood, or relatives. It doesn’t matter.
The rising cost of childcare has made on demand babysitting an attractive option for many parents around the nation.
Of course, there’s an app that helps you find babysitting gigs whenever you need them. You’ll have to go through a screening process but once you scale through, you’ll have a steady stream of work. Check out care.com and sitter city for babysitting gigs.
YouTube is one of the most popular websites in the world. There are thousands of videos uploaded every day and millions of minutes watched. Needless to say, there’s an opportunity to get famous.
That’s not what we’re after though. If it happens then fine. If not, don’t beat yourself up about it. Launch a channel where you perform tutorials based on your interests and get comfortable with being on camera. After you get ten thousand views on your channel videos, you’ll be able to get advertising income.
There’s no ideal frequency but you should stick to a schedule that you can easily maintain. The key to make a bit of cash with this avenue is showing up regularly.
Have you ever heard the phrase “software is eating the world?” It’s true. There’s a phone or web app for almost everything. I personally have a startup where we develop software that helps you build your mailing list.
I started out using freelancers but eventually moved to full time employees once we started making money.
The point I’m trying to make is that you can make solid cash as a freelance developer. No one asks for your credentials – all they want is someone who can get the job done. If you’re self-taught or are willing to learn, this is a huge opportunity for you.
You can find work on marketplaces like Upwork and
Businesses are opening up every day. Each one of them needs a logo that’ll help them stand out from the crowd. The problem is that there are a lot of bad logos in the world. Trust me, the first logo for this website was done on Fiverr and it was atrocious.
I got a new one done with my first $100 in income. You can help others in my position avoid my fate. It’s also worth noting that you don’t need to be a professional. Logo design is largely about transforming your clients ideas into reality. That requires creativity.
Find logo design work in the usual places like Upwork. You can also go to specialist platforms for designers like 99 designs (note this is like a competition to win business so your skills need to be up to par).
Dropshipping is all the rage because it works. I dropshipped for a while but killed my store because I wanted to focus on building a brand. I have fond memories of it.
I digress. Moving on.
There are a few things you need to know about dropshipping.
I’ll be the first to admit, dropshipping isn’t for everyone. You may go through more than one niche before you find success. Once you do find success you can make so much extra cash that you quit your job.
Anyways, think about the possibilities. They’re real.
Use Oberlo to find products and Shopify to host your store.
Many people shy away from Ecommerce because they believe they need to manufacture their products or sell the same things as everyone else.
That simply isn’t true.
You can also white label products. White labeling is the process of taking products another company produces and adding your branding and markup. For example, a manufacture could make plain white shirts then put your custom logo and tag on it.
You’ve effectively white labeled. The reason this is different from manufacturing is because you can, generally, only choose from the products they already make. They don’t do custom manufacturing runs for you.
It’s a way to build a brand but forego the research and development process associated with it.
There’s an old saying. You can never be too beautiful, too wealthy, or too loved. An online beauty store falls nicely into this old piece of wisdom.
To make this work, you need a combination of white labelling and an Ecommerce storefront. There are two major keys to making a successful beauty store. The first one is to select a category of products that’re in demand.
For example, those teeth whiteners on all the popular Instagram accounts. Many of them are white labeled. Look for the products influencers are promoting often.
Obviously, the company is getting a positive ROI (return on investment). There’s nothing stopping you from doing the same. You’ll have to do a bit of legwork to find the influencers and the white labeled products. Once you do, it can go from zero to one hundred real quick so plan accordingly.
Picking up trash
This may be the last thing on your mind when it comes to earning extra cash. Bear with me. I’m not asking you to do the rounds every Tuesday and Thursday with the local garbage truck.
In reality, this is simple yet lucrative work. You go to paces where independently operated businesses need their lots cleaned. Think shopping malls and industrial parks. It’s, quite literally, a walk in the park. There are a few things you need to know such as how to price your services, where to look for work, and how to get started.
Cleanlots has a detailed Ebook on the process.
This probably isn’t something that comes to mind when you think about making a few more dollars. People all over the country and world need blood for various reasons. Sometimes they need it because they were in an accident or for a chronic disease. You can only donate every two months.
Blood plasma can be used to treat illnesses and diagnose medical conditions. You can roughly once a month..
Whatever the reason, donating blood is a sure way to have a positive impact in the world around you. You’re generally paid between 20 to 50 dollars per donation.
Ladies have it good in this regard. First-time egg donors can earn up to ten thousand dollars. There’s a reason for this. The process is quite involved and takes a big commitment from ladies. It’s not something you do in one sitting.
For sperm donation, you can earn as much as $1,500 a month by visiting a fertility center two to three times a week. Unfortunately, you can’t just walk into a center and start donating. You’ll have to pass the minimum height requirements and a drug test.
After you finish your screening, you’ll have to commit to at least six months (most times it’s a year) and won’t even be paid in the first few months. If you need cash fast then this isn’t a good option for you. If you’re looking for a larger payday then this is right up your alley.
Everyone needs to wear clothes right? Of course they do. With on demand printing, you create designs and sell them with almost no upfront costs. The only cost is if you have to get them designed before placing them for sale.
Websites like Teespring allow you to upload and customize your design, set your price, and only print when you have an order. The hardest part is the design. Everything else is much simpler. This could be the first step to building your ecommerce empire.
It’s not as expensive as it sounds. There are services that allow you to invest in rental properties for a fraction of the cost associated with traditional property investing. Some will allow you to start investing in real estate for as little as $5.
As will all investments, it’s important you do your due diligence before spending your hard earned cash. There’s no guarantee that you’ll get a positive return on investment. With that being said, the following platforms have a great track record.
This is a spinoff of the Gig economy and comes in different forms. You can sign up with a company that controls every aspect of your interaction with customers. If you don’t like that route then you can join a type of marketplace and set your own rates for work.
A few of the most popular are fancy Hands and Task Rabbit.
Yes, people need their cars washed and it’s a quick and easy way to make a few extra dollars every week. The process is simple. Buy your supplies and hit the block offering your services. The key is to get a few regulars that’ll pay you come rain, sleet, or shine.
Email marketing software is a multibillion-dollar industry. Every small business knows they should be collecting email addresses and sending out newsletters and promotions. Very few do it well.
That’s where you come in. You can reach out to small business owners to manage their email marketing efforts for a modest fee. Even if you just charge a few hundred dollars a month for each client, it’ll add up quickly.
For the most part, they only need a professionally designed email sent out, at most, once a week. That shouldn’t take more than an hour of your time. You can easily dedicate ten hours a week to your entire client base and make thousands of dollars.
Start with your local businesses to see who would be a good candidate for your services. Show them how to use tools like Gravity forms to capture contacts and then create marketing campaigns that drive revenue.
This is a fun way to make extra money and possibly meet a few stars. Most movie sets are closed so all the people you see in the background doing mundane tasks are movie extras. They don’t take time out of their day for the fun of it.
You can earn up to $180/day if you play your cards right. Here are a few places to get started:
The honest truth is that most resumes look plain and sound boring. Whenever a resume can catch the attention of a prospective employer through design and clever language, you’ve already gotten a leg up.
People are starting to understand this and are taking more time and energy to have their resume professionally written and designed.
If you’re good at distilling information in a fun and engaging way then this could be a viable option for you.
This goes back to the huge market that small businesses represent. They may not be able to pay you a full time wage, but if you can get more than one client you can make this a great option.
The key is to efficiently manage your time. Digging into the weeds of a company’s books can be tough. Trust me; I’m a small business owner.
You will need some skills in this department but you can get the basics from an online course. It’s important to note that you’re not replacing a full-time accountant, you’re there to lighten the load a bit.
This is a longer-term approach to make more money but once you’re up and established, it doesn’t take too much effort to keep going. That’s because you have search engine traffic coming in and as long as you publish new content every now and then, you should be good to go.
Once you have some traffic, you can implement affiliate marketing, advertising, or even sell your own products to make money.
In less than a year, you can be making thousands of dollars a month.
The rest will take care of itself.
Are you handy with a computer and understand the hardware/software better than most people? Good. You have a limitless market where you can make money.
Almost every household has a computer. Because they’re machines, they will break. That’s where you come in. Offer a relatively inexpensive service and you’ll be able to get a few bites.
This follows the same line of reasoning as computer repair. Everyone has a cell phone. They also break all the time. make more money for yourself by helping friends, family, and strangers get their phones back online.
In this day and age, everyone needs to know how to use a computer. Unfortunately, not everyone has the time or energy to click around until they figure it out.
This is where you come in.
Set up a few classes to help people understand the basics of computers. You get extra points if you can teach people how to master programs like Excel. That’s one of the most in-demand business skills.
Do you have an in-demand skill? Almost all of us do. Whether you’re a programmer by day or a digital marketing executive, there’s someone who would pay for your expertise. Why not sell it.
Though I’m not a big advocate of exchanging time for money, this is a quick and easy way to start making extra cash on the side.
There are platforms that aggregate experts and have the traffic to get you in touch with the right clients. One that comes to mind is Clarity.
You could also go the route of freelancing sites like Upwork.
A common misconception is you have to be a customer service representative full time. That’s not the case anymore. The on-demand economy has even touched this area.
You can choose to use a few hours a day to help businesses take control of their customer service needs. This will require a little legwork on your part because businesses tend to take their customer service positions seriously.
With that being said, if you can show you’re a people person and can meet the basic requirements you’re looking at up to $20/hr.
Many people have homes they don’t rent out and don’t use frequently. To protect their interests and prevent squatters from turning it into their personal playgrounds, they’ve turned to house sitters.
In the past, these were trusted friends and relatives.
With the advent of the internet, this role has increasingly gone to long-stay travelers. For short stays, you can earn around $25 – $50 a day depending on where you’re located. For longer stays, the price is calculated by the week and the homeowner is usually given a discount.
You can find opportunities at thetrustedhousesitters.com and housesitter.com
Transcription services are used in many different contexts. Sometimes it’s to add captions to video or to get the text part of a podcast.
Whatever the reason, there’s been a boom in the transcription industry. Platforms like Rev.com, TranscribeMe.com, and Quicktale.com make it possible to earn more money from the comfort of your home.
Each of them has short tests and application processes but the main requirement is a good grasp of English. If you have that then you’re more than eligible.
Your car is prime advertising space because you take it to all parts of the city where you live. Sometimes, you even do long-distance traveling. That means a lot of people see it on any given day.
You can cash in on that unused space by renting it out to businesses that are looking for more avenues to advertise. Your pay depends on how much of your car is wrapped and how far you drive.
On average, you can earn $300 – $500 a month with a fully wrapped car. Wrapify.com is a great place to get started.
Well, this is a one of thing and should probably be the last resort to make more money. That being said, you can sell your beautiful locks for some decent cash.
Using their price calculator from HairSellon, I found out you can make $100 from 11 inches of thick non virgin hair 2 I’m not really sure what virgin and non-virgin hair are so don’t ask me.
I like this business model because someone signs up once and pays you over and over again. A modestly priced membership website ($20/m) with fifty members will fetch you $1,000/m. I don’t know about you but I’d be more than happy to make $1,000 extra dollars a month.
The thing is, there’s a fair bit of work in the beginning. You have to build an authority website which I’ve mentioned before, choose a niche, and then create the content.
Once you get over that initial hurdle then you can expect to see steady growth.
Take a look at our resources section to get the tools you’ll need.
Podcasting has grown in popularity over the years and is now an excepted way to consume information. It’s also pretty simple to get up and running.
There are multiple ways to make money from a podcast. You can use it to promote products you believe in, as part of an authority website, or through advertising.
Whichever route you choose, give it a bit of time to gain ground.
The most important thing is to be consistent and infuse the podcast with your personality.
Host your audio files with:
Something like the Crème de la crème of what you need to build a successful business online or offline.
If your copy sucks then you suck. Period.
If you know how to write copy then teaching it as a skill may be one of the most profitable things you can do with your time.
You can also do it for other businesses and make more money than your day job. The only prerequisite is the ability to write copy. I suggest you start with the classic copywriting books and The Gary Halbert Letters.
From there, go ahead and find clients. Charge what you’re worth. Remember that copywriting is important for sales so if you’re good at it you can command a huge fee.
Oh, our fuzzy friends, I hope you didn’t think I’d forgotten about them. Billions of dollars are spent on man’s best friends every year and that’s showing no signs of slowing down.
Part of that spend is used to train pets for competitions or just standard obedience training. You can do this online or offline, the choice is yours. I suggest you start in your local community to get some street cred then use your learnings to take over online.
My mother was a hobbyist gardener for all of one season and I know how much she spent on books, courses, and actual plants to transform our yard. (I was right there with her holding my shovel and pail, not a pleasant experience in the summer heat of Georgia).
The point is, people want to beautify their environment and gardening is a way to do that.
You can sell books, courses, or services to make more money in this niche. You get bonus points if you specialize in caring for specific types of plants like orchids.
The guitar is an instrument that’s still gaining popularity. Some people want to play more seriously and others just want to pick up another hobby. Whatever the reason, it’s something that needs guided training to master.
If you know how to play then you can be that guide. Start by giving a few lessons at your local YMCA to hone your teaching skills then start charging clients. From there, move online and sell your expertise at scale.
This can, quite literally, replace your day job.
The piano is an age-old instrument that imparts prestige and sophistication to anyone that’s learned how to master it. The process for making extra money through this route is the same as for teaching people how to play the guitar.
Just like with the Guitar, a membership site is the best way to monetize it.
Recently, people have become more conscious of their personal space. They want to better understand how to design it or hire someone to do it.
Depending on your goals and skill level, you can do both.
All you need is a bit of practice, an eye for design, and the determination to get clients.
Many people look down on lawn care because it’s a teenage hustle. That’s far from the truth. There are many people who use lawn care to make more money in their spare time.
If you really want to succeed in this space, think about an area you can specialize in. You’re the lawn care guy/gal for custom shrubs. Or something along those lines.
You can exchange your time caring for lawns or package the information and sell it as a book or course at scale.
There’s a two-pronged approach to this method of making extra money. The first one is to sell them to people who need them. For example, you can get stock images from Getty Images or Fotolia.
The second way is to package your skills into books. For example, you can sell a book of your photos with a specific theme.
Lastly, you’ll be able to coach people one on one to up their game.
Taking a great picture is only half the battle, editing that shot is the other half. Not everyone can do it or learn through trial and error.
There’s an almost endless market for teaching amateur photographers how to take better shots with their $300 cameras. Why not fill the need. I know, you may be thinking there are other qualified people who can do it better than you but that isn’t the truth.
No one has your own special style of awesome. That’s where you shine. Set up a course or a membership site to build your income.
There are countless ways to make more money both online and offline.
What you choose is not nearly as important as staying focused, committed, and consistent in what you’re doing.
Let me know about anything I missed or you’d like to add in the comments.